NBA迪斯尼的重启面临着复杂的实践和道德问题 所以让我们确保双方都考虑

来源: 时间:2020-07-15 17:33:23

NBA试图在一个日益复杂的世界中探索史无前例的雷区,但这是2000多年前的明智建议,可能会帮助我们所有人克服它。

作为一名NBA记者,我经常被问到联盟进行泡沫实验的可能性以及联盟实际上在十月份获得冠军的可能性。我不断地回到古希腊哲学家苏格拉底常说的话:

“唯一的真正智慧就是不知道你一无所有。”

有时,处理复杂情况的第一步是让自己和他人承认自己没有答案。NBA专员亚当·西尔弗(Adam Silver)对联盟的重启计划采取了类似的方法,将任何具体的决定推迟到他被迫做出决定之前,同时与对COVID-19病毒了解得比以往任何时候都多得多的专家进行咨询。正是这种衡量而谦逊的方法才产生了迪士尼泡沫计划,在大多数人看来,它是可以预期的安全和合理的。

然而,仍有许多问题威胁着赛季的结束,即球员的安全,在全国冠状病毒病例迅速上升的同时使用有价值的资源进行体育运动的道德操守以及可能分散其公民的种族和种族歧视。社会正义问题比任何游戏都重要。

从二元视角看事情很容易-NBA是对是错-但您越深入研究这些担忧,您就越能意识到这项工作的复杂性。反对重启的每个有效论点都有另一面的合理论点,即使不是同样具有说服力。让我们看一些最普遍的问题。

要点:NBA使球员,教练,球队人员和迪斯尼员工的安全受到威胁。

这是泡沫概念最突出和紧迫的问题。人们被要求离开隔离区,聚集在其他数百人的身边,事实证明,这会增加病毒的传播。以玩家为例,他们在每次练习或游戏中都会互相呼吸,出汗,并可能互相吐痰,从而有可能爆发爆发的危险,甚至可能在一个玩家感染病毒的情况下爆发。

大多数年轻健康的人都相对毫发无损地从该病毒中恢复过来,但是对COVID-19的长期影响知之甚少,NBA医生对潜在的心脏问题表示担忧。

反对意见:NBA使泡沫尽可能安全,也许比参与者的故乡更安全。

Silver consulted with infectious disease experts when devising the plan, whichearned the approval of Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease. If the NBA's bubble goes according to plan, playing games in Orlando may be safer than, say, going to the grocery store in the player's home city.

"I've done my share of criticizing here and there when I thought it was necessary," Spurs coach Gregg Popovichsaid from the Disney bubble. "But I don't know where else you would be as safe as we are right now."

Further, players are not required to enter the bubble if they don't feel comfortable. They won't be paid for the games they miss (unless they are deemed medically unfit to play), but they won't face any punishment like fines or suspensions for opting out of the restart, asseveral players have chosen to do.

Point:The NBA is using valuable resources in a state where testing and hospital space are increasingly harder to obtain.

As NBC Sports' Tom Haberstroh reported inthis excellent story(I highly recommend reading the whole thing), the company which is providing the NBA with next-day results from daily COVID-19 tests for all the participants, BioReference, is simultaneously announcing a delayed five-to-seven day results window for the general public. Back in early June, when Silver announced the return plan, the ethical issues involving testing appeared to be nearing irrelevancy as states began to "flatten the curve." The recent explosion in COVID-19 cases across the country, however, has brought back the question of whether the NBA, and other pro sports leagues, should have priority access to such prolific and swift testing.

There is also the alarming fact that hospital and ICU beds are quickly filling up in the area immediately surrounding the NBA's Disney bubble, with dozens reportedly maxed out. If necessary, the NBA will treat any patients within the bubble at an on-site clinic, which begs the question of whether that clinic would be better served if opened to the general public.

Counterpoint:The NBA's bubble could provide health benefits to the general public in the long-term.

The issue of testing and hospital space is probably the hardest one for the NBA to rationalize, but they are engaging in a Yale study on a saliva-based COVID-19 test that could, if successful, provide a faster, less invasive test for millions of people moving forward.

"[The Yale study] has the potential to actually speed up the testing process and address some of these backlogs but not all of them," Dr. Angela Rasmussen, a Seattle-based virologist at the Center for Infection and Immunity at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health,told NBC Sports. "In my opinion, that's what makes the NBA's plan beneficial and kind of overrides any ethical concerns I have over, 'Why are using these tests for professional athletes that don't need to play?"

According to the Health and Safety Protocol handbook the NBA distributed, the league also plans to offer community testing, though no specifics have been provided.

Point:The players are better served staying at home fighting social justice issues.

With protests over police brutality and racial discrimination at the forefront of American society, some NBA players have taken exception to the idea of resuming the season. Not only are they putting their lives at risk to entertain fans and potentially provide a distraction from social justice issues, but they're also going to be removed from their family, friends and any local protests they might have wished to join. Nets guard Kyrie Irving and Lakers guard Avery Bradley have led a faction of NBA players questioning the value of the restart, while Bucks guard George Hill said in June that basketball wasthe "last thought on my mind."

It's a valid stance. If these players feel Black lives aren't being valued by society at large, why would they want a league that's approximately 75 percent Black to resume playing basketball? Perhaps the absence of Black athletes would continue to call attention to the crucial problems our country is facing.

Counterpoint:NBA games give Black athletes a platform they normally would not have.

With the spotlight on NBA games potentially beginning at the end of July and running into October, athletes will receive a lot more opportunity to get their message across than if they were at home. They won't be able to engage in public protests, but they will have microphones in front of them on a regular basis, and the league has allowed players to wear social justice messages on the backs of their jerseys if they so choose. Basketball may seem arbitrary at a time like this, but there will be millions tuned in for any message that a player wishes to deliver.

Also, NBA players will be paid for the games that they play in Orlando, potentially giving them extra income to donate to particular causes. Spurs guard Patty Mills, for instance, isdonating the entirety of his salary for remaining games, over $1 million, to Black Lives Matter Australia, Black Deaths in Custody and the We Got You Campaign.

"I'm playing in Orlando because I don't want to leave any money on the table that could be going directly to Black communities," Mills said.

Point:The NBA is just doing this for money.

如果不是因为财务上的重大分歧,可以肯定地说NBA不会尝试在7月份重新开始赛季。据一些估计,由于球迷收入不足和无法履行电视合同,联盟正在浪费金钱,如果赛季结束,联盟将损失超过10亿美元。继续本赛季将使联盟可以收回至少一部分钱。

反对意见:本赛季的经济损失对联盟,球员和雇员都有长期影响。

本赛季对NBA的财务打击程度具有深远的影响。如果赛季还没有结束,一些专家估计明年的工资帽可能会从800万美元下降到1500万美元,直接影响球员的薪水。因此,百万富翁的收入会略有减少,您可能会说,有什么大不了的?

好吧,如果团队被迫开始节省钱,那么这可能直接导致裁员的人无法在公共关系,运营和活动人员等领域赚到数百万美元。从表面上看,NBA遭受了巨大的经济损失似乎并没有影响到普通大众,但是当您考虑到与联盟及其球队相关的工作岗位时,没有赛季的经济后果可能会很普遍,并且可怕

如您所见,NBA面临的问题,就像我们国家当前面临的许多问题,本质上都是复杂的。重要的是要找出每个问题的两个方面,忍耐和同情,并在必要时做出自己认为最好的决定,意识到无论您做什么都会有后果。随着NBA赛季的恢复,我们进入未知领域,以下是苏格拉底要记住的一句话:

“每项行动都有其乐趣和代价。”

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